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Teaching puppy to sit: 

Using a food treat, hold the food over the dog's nose and slowly move it up and back over the dog's head. As the puppy follows the food with his head he will sit down. Now couple the word SIT with the action. The upward motion of the hand as you hold the food treat also serves as a visual command for the puppy. If the pup lifts his front legs you are holding the food treat too high. As soon as the puppy sits, say ""Good sit" and give the treat. Many repetitions will be necessary for the pup to learn the association properly. Gradually, as the puppy understands what you want, only give the treats intermittently. You should practice sit in many places throughout your home. It is especially important to teach your puppy to sit by the front door. A dog who readily sits by the front door will be less of a problem greeting guests.

 

Teaching puppy to lay down:

Start with your puppy in a sit position. To get the puppy to lie down, take a treat and lower it between the puppy's front paws and say Down. Usually the puppy will follow the treat and go down. If the puppy does not lie all the way down, slowly push the treat between the paws and if the puppy lies down give hime the treat and, of course, "add lots of praise"

For some puppies, teaching the down command can be very difficult. An alternative method is instead of pushing the food treat backwards, slowly pull the treat forward. If that does not work, sit on the floor with your legs straight out in front of you and slightly bent at the knees. Take a hand with a treat in it and push it out under your knee from between your legs. As the puppy tries to get the food treat, slowly bring it back under your knee. As the puppy tries to follow, he will usually lie down.

Once the puppy understands the down command, make sure that you vary the starting position. You should try to get your puppy to down from both a stand and a sit position.

Teaching puppy to stand up, from laying down or sit position:

Begin by placing your puppy in a sit position. Take the food treat with the palm of your hand facing up and move it forward and away from the pup as you say the word ' STAND'. Your puppy should again follow his nose and stand up. Don't pull your hand so far away that the puppy follows you, but just until he stands up. If puppy is in laying down position, give him the sit comand first... then continue with the above instructions. Once he fully understands all three comands, he will eventually learn to stand from a laying position as well. Remember, lots of patience and praise is key!


Teaching puppy to stay:

Puppies can be taught to stay for short periods of time at a young age. Once they sit on command each and every time they are asked, without the need for food inducements, training can proceed to more difficult concepts such as Stay.

First the pup is taught to stay without moving as you stand in front for 1-2 seconds. Initially give the puppy the sit command, say STAY (using a hand as a stop sign can be a good visual cue), take one step away, and then return to the puppy and reward him for not moving. Be very careful that the puppy does not stand up or move as you present the reward because then you will have rewarded him for getting up. Gradually increase the distance by a step at a time, and the length of the stay by a few seconds at a time, until the puppy can stay for a minute or more with you standing at least 10 feet away. It is important to set up the puppy to succeed. Proceeding very slowly, and keeping a long lead attached to the puppy so that he can not run away can help ensure success. Be patient. It may take a week or more of daily training to get a puppy to sit and stay for 1-2 minutes. Over a few months he should be possible to increase the stay to 15 minutes or more, and to be able to leave the room and return without the puppy rising from his stay. For these longer stays it may be better to use a down-stay (lying down and staying in place) combination, and to train the dog in a favored resting or sleeping area.

Once extended sit-stays are accomplished, the command can be used to prevent many potential behavior problems. For example, if you practice sit and stay by the front door, this command can then be used to prevent running out the door and jumping
 on company. Have your puppy sit and stay while you place the food on the floor and then give him an OK or release command. This will help establish your leadership and control.

Teaching puppy to sit up  or sit pretty:

From the sitting position, hold treat just slightly above the pups nose.  Repeat the comand word 's' you've chosen. "Sit up" or "sit pretty"  If the treat is held too high, your puppy will stand on his hind legs. If this is the desired result give him lots of praise. If you prefer your puppy to be sitting on his bum and in begging position, hold the treat lower and closer yet still above his nose, and slightly push the treat backward. He will instinctually follow the treat. 

 

Teaching puppy to come on comand:

Teaching a puppy to come on command is a very difficult but an important task. Start early because a puppy that will come when called is safer. In addition, most young puppies do not like to stray too far from their guardians. So all it takes is a kneeling guardian and a happy come command and your puppy may willingly approach (without the need for any food or toy prompt). Similarly, most young puppies will automatically come and follow as you walk away. However, by 3 to 4 months of age, as puppies become a little more independent and exploratory, more appealing rewards may be needed. The two most important rules about teaching your puppy to come to you is to set up the puppy for success (so that you never fail) and that each training session is simple, fun and pleasurable.

NOTE: NEVER CALL YOUR PUPPY OR DOG TO YOU FOR DISCIPLINE

Start by backing away from your puppy 1-3 feet and wiggle a food treat or a favored toy (prompt) in front of his nose. At the same time say the puppy’s name and COME. Use a happy inviting tone of voice. When your puppy comes to you, praise himlavishly and give the treat. Then repeat. Start by only moving short distances, then gradually have the puppy come further to reach you. Reinforce this task by calling your puppy over multiple times daily, giving a pat or a food treat and sending him on his way. Try to avoid only calling the puppy to you to bring him inside, to put him in his crate, or otherwise end something fun. Be sure to spend time calling the puppy over and then releasing him. This will help the puppy learn that by coming to you, good things happen. Remember it is critical to succeed with every training session. Stay close, make certain that there are no distractions and proceed slowly.

Over time, the puppy should be very slowly taught to come from progressively farther distances and in environments with a greater number of distractions. If there is any chance that the puppy might escape or disobey, have the puppy wear a long remote leash (which can be left dangling as the puppy wanders and investigates). Then if the puppy does not immediately obey the come command, a gentle tug of the leash can be used to get the puppy’s attention, and a repeated command in an upbeat, happy voice (along with a food or toy prompt) should be able to ensure that the come command is successful and rewarding.